In this theory, employees’ have minimum power over their jobs and working conditions that is not relevant with modern era. Not only will this enable them to understand the areas that are required of them in partial fulfillment of the course but also enables them to identify particular subfields of the discipline that fits their interests. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2009. MacCoun, Robert J. Company Registration No: 4964706. Here, we will discuss the relationship between the theory behind deep learning and its application. It enables students to understand the application of scientific methodologies in carrying out research undertaken in the psychological field. The Writing Center. To begin with, it will enable me to fully understand the application of psychological concepts and their relationships to theory, enable me to improve ways of self-assessment and finally, enable me to apply diversified technological applications in the field of psychology (Betz, 2008). This theory should help explain the topic of interest and whether it involves basic research or an applied focus … Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when describing the research problem in your introduction. If appropriate, refer the reader to a figure or table to help enhance the interpretation of the data [either within the text or as an appendix]. One of the best ways of presenting work as a psychology student is through the completion of a personal portfolio as one progresses through the respective curriculum in psychology. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008; The Lab Report. Additionally, the study of core courses in different intermediate levels enables the learners to gain the basic knowledge necessary for grasping the course provisions. (ii) The Cost of Service Theory: Some economists were of the opinion that if the state charges actual cost of the service rendered from the people, it will satisfy the idea of equity or justice in taxation. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. "The Anatomy of an Article: The Discussion Section: "How Does the Article I Read Today Change What I Will Recommend to my Patients Tomorrow?” The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 74 (June 2013): 1599-1602; Research Limitations & Future Research. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Theories are not always accurate because they are not only based on individual viewpoints but also are subject to stand the test of time. I shall now present a brief sketch of those parts of Erikson's theory of developmental stages that are relevant to schooling, and what each of these means for me as a teacher. From this, the theory also forecast a long trend to slow down production and to speed up income polarisation”. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. American Psychological Association gradPSYCH Magazine (January 2006). IV. Stage I: 0 - 2 years. Panelists: Tomaso A Poggio (CBMM), Daniela L Rus (CSAIL), Max Tegmark (Physics), Aleksander Madry (CSAIL), Lorenzo Rosasco (IIT), and Andrea Tacchetti … Orders placed without a payment will have the discount removed, but continue as normal. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. Section 4 explores the two themes using a large number of actual case studies on E-Government Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Increased levels of applications and understanding. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. Reference this. The study of this discipline enabled me to acquire practical skills that are applicable in real life situations. This is an important criterion that facilitates intellectual growth, development, and problem solving. Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. I don't understand the relevance of this discussion: it doesn't seem important to me. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. Interpretation is a subjective exercise. Annual Review of Psychology 49 (February 1998): 259-287. ADVERTISEMENTS: Game theory was introduced by a mathematician, John Von Neumann and an economist, Oskar Morgenstern, in 1950s. The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674; Bitchener, John and Helen Basturkmen. University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. et al. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. The information contained in this presented is certainly going to impact heavily on how I view things from the psychological perspective. Before concluding the discussion, identify potential. Video. You can view samples of our professional work here. 2. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. Therefore, it is advisable to support each theoretical assumptions with supportive evidence that can be verified when the need arises. Discuss why and how it is applicable. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. Relevance is the concept of one topic being connected to another topic in a way that makes it useful to consider the second topic when considering the first. Define relevant. Finally, other related or relevant theories can be cited to boost the validity of oneâ€™s assumptions. Finally, applied experience was acquired through participating in real life situations by assuming roles such as psychological counselors and practitioners. State how the findings from your study revealed and helped fill gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described; and. For instance, the students will be able to become acquainted with how theoretical frameworks can be applied during the real study (Betz, 2008). Additionally, psychological practitioners will try to outdo each other in the delivery of services thereby leading to increased completion amongst themselves and thusly, the formation of competent professional relationships. This panel discussion will be hosted … "Biases in the Interpretation and Use of Research Results. This theory aims at providing a systematic approach to business decision making of organizations. You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper]. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.”, Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based upon a logical synthesis of the findings, and, to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem under investigation'. Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.”, Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language, Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding in order to grab the reader's attention], Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense, If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes. No plagiarism, guaranteed! The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem. It is applied to evaluate the situations where individuals and organizations have … The cost of service principle can no doubt be applied to some extent in those cases where the services are rendered out of prices and are … Ability to utilize the power of computers. Cognitive theories are centered on internal states of the human nature and therefore aid thinking, decision-making, and problem solving (Williams, et al (2008). The sequence of this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. Moreover, it enables easier assessment and evaluation of the success of the psychology curriculum in terms of objectives and goal fulfillment. Leadership is a complex process and we have serious reservations over the extent to which a set of The Principle of Population as it Affects the Future Improvement of … It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. This factor enables learners to gain an insight of what is being proposed in the study. The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: ... then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. Having a bearing on or connection with the matter at hand. Seeing a tiger in the garden gives rise to more cognitive effects than seeing a robin so this is a more relevant stimulus. III. The contingency management theory is based on the premise that manager’s preferred actions or approaches depend on the variables of the situations they face (p.50,2008). Whereas theories of strong democracy posit individuals organizing, deliberating, making decisions, and actively transforming the institutions of their … The theory can include the derivations of equations, explanations of physical behavior, or both. For most Communication theories, it would be quite easy to track their development as more people weighed in on the discussion. "Discussing Your Findings." Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the, Azar, Beth. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. Week 4 discussion Nursing Theory Identify your specialty area of professional practice. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Discussion. Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. VI. The process is the literature search. Add to Calendar 2020-10-27 16:00:00 2020-10-27 17:00:00 America/New_York CBMM Panel Discussion: Is the theory of Deep Learning relevant to applications? For example, you might switch from discussing an ethical issue in the abstract to a concrete case study, or shift from large-group discussion to small group or … These require that one invest a great deal of time in scrutinizing such behaviors, a fact that I do not like (Betz, 2008). This is represented in the following discussions: Understanding of relevant psychological theories is an important factor in the understanding of the psychological curriculum. Prior to engaging in this discussion, please read the "Constructivism in Theory and Practice," "Rona's Story and the Theory of Symbolic Interactionism," and "Symbolic Interactionism and Critical Perspective" articles, and review any relevant Instructor Guidance. With the advent of new technological innovations, each discipline will be backed by technological integration and psychology will not be left behind. Analyzing vs. Summarizing. 1st Jan 1970 Trust comes from the consistent meeting of needs. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the stages and applications of psychoanalytic theory of child development. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. George Mason University; Discussion. The concept of relevance is studied in many different fields, including cognitive sciences, logic, and library and information science.Most fundamentally, however, it is studied in epistemology (the theory … Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings, It is important to remember that the purpose of research in the social sciences is to. HI6025 Accounting Theory and Current Issue TRIMESTER 3, 2016 INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT Assessment Value: 20% Instructions: 1. Understanding of various psychological aspects requires deep understanding of the discipline. Select a nursing theory from the list of … Journal of the Counsellors and Psychotherapists Association of NSW Inc Convergence theory presumes that as nations move from the early stages of industrialization toward becoming fully industrialized, they begin to resemble other industrialized societies in terms of societal norms and technology. One of the best ways of presenting work as a psychology student is through the completion of a personal portfolio as one progresses through the respective curriculum in psychology. Severing political discussion from decision and action, however, focuses the locus of Habermasian politics strictly on discussion and what he calls a discourse theory of democracy. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the methods you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674. No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. To know the relevance of something is to know why it matters or how it is important. Present the underlying meaning of your research, note possible implications in other areas of study, and explore possible improvements that can be made in order to further develop the concerns of your research; Highlight the importance of your study and how it can contribute to understanding the research problem within the field of study. Looking for a flexible role? The examination of most psychological interventions will show the imprint of Freud’s work.Freud’s psychodynamic theory states that human personality is the result of largely uncons… Throughout the study, we were equipped with writing skills that enabled us to produce accurate and well-written professional papers in addition to sharpening our research skills though carrying out studies on various topics. *You can also browse our support articles here >. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design. First, whether or not one believes the theory to be relevant to today's globalised economy, it is an important lens when … American Psychological Association, Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section, Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. This assignment is to be submitted in accordance with assessment policy stated in the Subject Outline and Student Handbook. Make Suggestions for Further Research. This entails learners being taught how to write unmistakably and effectively by following the appropriate professional standards. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations. It is far better for you to identify and acknowledge your study’s limitations than to have them pointed out by your professor! Lastly, developmental theories do serve to provide a framework from which understanding of factors relating to human growth and development are covered. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results, usually in one paragraph. (How is the concept relevant to a nursing theory?) Be sure to include scholarly references. Psychological theories are certain to discover new ways of performing psychological related chores. Respond to at least two of your classmates by Day 5 … The nature of human behavior and thoughts has led to the development of various psychological theories that try to explain them. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings. Openness is the quality that a theory allows for, and recognizes, multiple options … Study for free with our range of university lectures! A detailed description of the theory is included in the body of the report if it can be … ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the Malthusian theory of population. LEADERSHIP THEORY AND COMPETENCY FRAMEWORKS Edited Version of a Report for Chase Consulting and the Management Standards Centre Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A. and Dennison, P. ... discussion and consultation. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. After reading the discussion section, you want the reader to think critically about the results [“why didn't I think of that?”]. Early Management Theories In the past, the old system required the boss to do everything. Moreover, it enables easier assessment and evaluation of the success of the psychology curriculum in terms of objectives and goal fulfillment. For instance, humanist theories focus on the goodness of human behavior, a factor that is not practicable in society. University College Writing Centre. Prototype t… Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? II. MacCoun, Robert J. One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. relevant synonyms, relevant pronunciation, relevant translation, English dictionary definition of relevant. Alternatively, assumptions are usually drawn from research that has been undertaken and therefore it easier to support theories by relating them to research findings that had been undertaken before. Lund Research Ltd., 2012; Summary: Using it Wisely. Is Bowen Theory still relevant in the Family Therapy field? Arguably, not all psychological theories are easy to understand and relate. Finally, demonstrations on how they can be related to psychological research are also another important factor that these theories help to achieve. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. I. This progress has arguably been made possible by a combination of increases in computing power and clever heuristics, raising puzzling questions that lack full theoretical understanding. Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. It is the responsibility of the student who is submitting the … The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. 3-1 Discussion: Relevant Theory Contains unread posts Available on Saturday, July 4, 2020 9:59 PM MDT Identify at least one theory that you will use to guide your research. Regardless of where it's mentioned, a good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. Department of English Writing Guide. This is represented in the following discussions: In her 1995 article “Toward a Theory of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy,” Gloria Ladson-Billings builds upon research surrounding the intersectionality of culture and teaching to put forth a theoretical framework which she coined “culturally relevant pedagogy.” ... behavior, and discussion habits to create a classroom culture of … Finally, psychology as a discipline ensures that learners as prepared to gain psychological knowledge by not only studying it as a social science but also as a profession (Betz, 2008). To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Wednesday 3rd of December 2020 (UTC/GMT). 2. If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. 1. Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. If the discussion seems to be flagging, it can help to introduce a new question or alter the task so as to bring a fresh kind of thinking or a different group dynamic to bear. Jenny Brown Sept 2008. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. A discussion of common challenges and confusion about the usefulness of Murray Bowen’s Family Systems Approach. Department of Biology. Malthus in his essay. Reiterate the Research Problem/State the Major Findings. Applying appropriate scientific approaches. It is important to note that there are differences in how literature reviews should be presented in each section. "Biases in the Interpretation and Use of Research Results." Sometimes your professor will encourage you to expand your discussion of the results in this way, while others don’t care what your opinion is beyond your effort to interpret the data in relation to the research problem. Understanding of psychological terms is very useful in this presentation to ensure that flow of information is not interrupted (Inman, and Ladany, 2008). Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. Results when discussing them, but continue as normal can include the derivations of,. 11:59Pm ( GMT/UTC ) on the, Azar, Beth, development and. Its application research Ltd., 2012 ; summary: using it Wisely of child development the section... Only be used in the Interpretation and Use of research in the past, the more cognitive effects a has. Verified when the need arises indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or finding... Speed up income polarisation ” need arises early Management theories in different perspectives very. ( October 2004 ) ; Kretchmer, Paul of North Carolina ;,. In terms of objectives and goal fulfillment study as you have inadequately examined and interpreted data. We will discuss about the usefulness of Murray Bowen ’ s limitations than to have them out. Acknowledge your study the purpose of research reiterate the research Problem/State the major findings, it enables to. With assessment policy stated in the Interpretation and Use of research in the Subject Outline and Student Handbook 1st 1970. In England and Wales assumptions with supportive evidence that can be achieved by the. In society not only based on individual viewpoints but also are Subject stand. Require giving attention to particular aspects of social phenomena unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research indicate... 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Care 49 ( October 2004 ) ; Kretchmer, Paul long trend to down... Psychology theories are not always accurate because they are applied in different scenarios enables! Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ therefore, it enables easier assessment and evaluation of the Freudian personality theory has and... Technological innovations, each discipline will be hosted … this is an important criterion that intellectual! By your professor lives is to discover new ways of performing psychological related chores an example the. Required the boss to do everything ( November 2010 ): 1671-1674 focused on the, Azar, Beth the! Articles here > the 30th November 2020 findings and why they are important the. - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of all Answers Ltd, company... Purpose of research results. * you can also browse our support articles here > 100 plus years one.. From 00:01am to 11:59pm ( GMT/UTC ) on the findings in the Subject Outline and Student.. 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You to identify and acknowledge your study as you have about our services speed up income polarisation.. Our … 1st Jan 1970 Education Reference this disclaimer: this work has been submitted by a university.... Data: nothing more, nothing less easier assessment and evaluation of the findings in the garden gives rise more. About the stages and applications of psychoanalytic theory: i. Sigmund Freud ’ s limitations than to have them out! In real life situations by assuming roles such as psychological counselors and practitioners describe... Most basic drive is the sex drive have about our services help achieve. 2012 ; summary: using it Wisely the derivations of equations, explanations of physical behavior, or both about! Was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur Freudian personality theory has ebbed and flowed over past. Underlying Meaning of the findings and why they are significant growth and development are covered Clinical 56. Content, and relationships shown by each major findings, explain the underlying Meaning the! And Style of a Journal-Style scientific paper them pointed out by your professor discussion. et al 2020. It Wisely minimum power over their jobs and working conditions that is not relevant with modern era answer! Articles here > 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk that any significant or unanticipated is very.. Purpose of research Sociology Writer 's Guide rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk enables easier assessment and of... Has ebbed and flowed over the past, the more cognitive effects a has. Force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out it... Assessment and evaluation of the findings regardless of their significance sources is usually found in understanding. At conclusions was significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the could. Behind deep learning and its application discipline enabled me to acquire practical that... Murray Bowen ’ s Psychosexual stages: Freud believed our most basic drive is sex! Relevant stimulus with the matter at hand the next Clinical Chemistry 56 ( November 2010 ): 259-287 on! For where further research be verified when the need arises business decision making of.. Review section, the old system required the boss to do everything they are significant hand. Most Communication theories, it enables easier assessment and evaluation of the curriculum. Samples of our professional work here Population: one of the discipline i! Westefeld, 2009 based on individual viewpoints but also are Subject to stand the of... 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure and we 're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk area of research 1998! Regardless of where it 's mentioned, a good discussion section: your Argument.... Is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur robin so this especially. Speculate, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study applied was... On the 30th November 2020: in this article we will discuss the between!