Rainier National Park Janneke Hille Ris Lambers, Benjamin Lee, Mitch Piper ... though, can save you a lot of grief if you’re trying to identify a first year seedling without any juvenile needles present. Spruce needles are shorter and sharper and don’t grow in clusters. Some fir cones can grow up to 10” (25 cm) and they resemble brown-colored candles sitting erect on branches. h�ܖmO9ǿ�_������*R�"= �q��/�V The easiest way to tell the difference between spruce trees and pine trees apart is by their needles and cones. Looking and fir cones and pine cones side by side, you can spot the fir cones because they are generally cylindrical. The needles of Douglas-fir trees grow all the way around the branch, and the buds at the end of the branches are brown and cone shaped. If you take a long spruce cone in your hand, you will find that you can bend it, which is impossible to do with stiff pine cones. Because pine needles also roll easily, you can identify the type of conifers by needles’ growing habit. You may notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature as it grows. (discount shown in cart) American Arborvitae - Seedlings quantity. h�bbd```b``V�� �)D�l���$ӆ,y���+�3v�_ik�?��20Ґ�t�� �� Firs are the only type of conifers where the cones grow upward rather than droop. The young seedling will benefit from a regular application of fertilizer. The seed cones are usually woody and brown and can be useful in the identification of conifer species. Other traits such as color can be informative but often vary between seedlings of the same species, especially when seedlings receive different amounts of light and water due to their location. Its foliage turns yellow in autumn and drops while that of most of the other conifers stays resolutely dark green and clings to the branches. One notable example is A Guide to Seedling Identification for 25 onifers of the Pacific Northwest by forest ecologist Jerry Franklin.1 Nevertheless, seedling identification resources for the Pacific Northwest could Similar to deciduous trees, spruces, pines, and fir trees lose their needle-like leaves. Cones on yew trees are small and round and only contain a single seed. However, there are some exceptions. Determine needles of firs. Again, needle types are the key to identification. Some species of thujas are also called cedars. Other types of pine and fir trees are better suited to warmer climates. Spruce branches are rough compared to pines and firs. exhibits leaf dimorphism where a juvenile leaf form differs from the mature leaves of the same plant. Yew tree topiary (left). Some species of pine trees have needles that are up to 16” (40 cm) long. Some tree parts change appearance over the course of the year or the lifetime of a tree. One of the best ways to tell pine, spruce, and fir trees apart is by their needle leaves. The perfect pyramid shape of spruce trees is one reason why these are popular Christmas trees. Looking at pictures of fir branches and needles, you will see they attach to the branch with something that looks like a suction cup. Pine seed cones can be large to small and come in varying shapes. All needle-bearing trees can be classed as conifers. As with all species of conifers, spruces have needle-like leaves. Ubiquitous soil-borne species with a particular affinity to plant roots 1. Depending on the species of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees. Many conifer species are cold hardy and can withstand freezing conditions. As the tree matures, the bark becomes thick and scaly with furrows or ridges running vertically. Yellow Cypress. The bark on fir trees is generally smooth and gray when the tree is young. Pine tree cones usually grow downwards (left) whereas those of fir (right) grow upwards. Yellow Cedar. There is usually space between the branches which means that pine forests aren’t as dark as spruce or fir forests. Plant Identification: A search system is available for help in identifying unknown plants. highest in conifer plantations estab-lished in old grass fields or pastures that have well-established vole populations. At first glance, many types of conifers may look the same and be hard to identify. Fir tree branches have a more downturned shape when compared to spruce or pine branches. Some species of fir trees have needles growing from both sides of the twig and others grow like a comb. their relevance to conifer seedling growers. Spruce and pine cones all hang off branches. Common North American Conifers General Guidelines for Broad Identification. It is best to use a mature tree, or one that is not a seedling or sapling. Seedling Identification Guide For common conifer species occurring at Mt. Search for more papers by this author. When the conifer appears crowded in its planting container, it should be carefully transplanted into a larger pot and planted with a mixture of potting soil and peat moss. endstream endobj startxref Mature cones have soft brown scales. The seed coat of conifers is similar to that of other gymnosperms, developing from an … Conifer cones are made up of scales that grow out of a center stalk. We can handle any order size of our top quality conifer trees, cedar trees and other evergreens. All conifers have 2 types of cones – pollen cones and seed cones. Gophers clip roots and rootlets, leaving only the main stem of the seedling (Figure 3). Rainier National Park Janneke Hille Ris Lambers, Benjamin Lee, Mitch Piper ... though, can save you a lot of grief if you’re trying to identify a first year seedling without any juvenile needles present. Conifer - Conifer - Germination: The mature seed consists of the dormant embryo embedded in remnants of the female gametophyte and megasporangium (nucellus) and surrounded by a seed coat. As you likely know, conifer seeds (some of which are as large as a quarter inch in diameter, while others are minute) are tucked between the scales of cones. SKU Name Grade size in Stock Price Age yrs Quantity discount Buy; 1AAO-20-3/6: American Arborvitae - Seedlings: 3-6" In stock $ 0.70: 2-0: Order 300+ and save 40%! Take two dwarf separate conifers that grow three inches a year. %PDF-1.5 %���� In fact, it’s not unusual for some types of pine trees to have two-toned trunks that appear gray and red. Growth + shape = size. These clusters or bunches are called fascicles. Pine wood is also a high-quality softwood that prized in the timber industry. Identification and Use Longwood Gardens, one of the premier public gardens in the world, is partnering with NC State University Department of Horticultural Science to provide a fully-online introduction to plants. Photographs of characteristics of some isolates obtained from conifer seedlings are also included in the Appendix. However, before they reach this stage, they may be purple, white, green, or very dark blue. Spruce cones grow downwards like pine cones, but are softer and more flexible. (pines). These buds are one good way to identify Douglas-fir. As a whole, the series seeks to bring together information and illustrations on conifer seed and seedling anatomy and morphology. %%EOF You will also notice that fir tree needles are distinctive in that they are flat and have an almost squashed appearance. They are easily identified by their needle-like or scaly leaves. Pine forest. other name(s): Nootka Cypress. Spruce trees have sharp spiky round needles and fir trees have flat soft needle leaves. Conifers are a type of woody plant that belong to the botanical division Pinophyta and class Pinopsida. The best way to identify spruce trees (genus Picea) is by their needle shape and the way they grow on the branch. Pine cones and spruce cones are different because pine cones are rigid whereas cones from spruces are soft and flexible. Fir trees usually keep their A-shape as they grow from small fir trees into majestic pointed conifers. Click on a link for a full treatment of each species: The Big Three–the most common in the Pacific Northwest: Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii Western Red Cedar, Thuja plicata Western Hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla CONIFER FAMILIES: The Pine Family, Pinaceae False Hemlocks, Pseudotsuga sp. In their natural environment confier trees don't grow easily, but with a little patience and knowledge you can raise your own from seed. Most spruce trees have rough bark that is loose, furrowed and scaly. (spruce), in tufts or clusters as in Larix spp. Many people describe this as the classic Christmas tree shape. Conifer stems from Latin and means “cone bearer”. As a quick guide to identifying a species of conifer, take the twig and look closely at how the needles are attached. The patchy bark on most species of spruce is generally gray; however, some species have reddish-brown, gray-brown, or dark green-brown colors. 1AAO-22-12/18: American Arborvitae - Transplants: With a few facts about conifers, you will be able to easily identify the different species of these hardy trees. 0 Conifers are cone bearers which have needle-shaped or scale-like foliage. Then, check the cones, which on spruce trees have smooth, thin scales and are easy to bend. NOW THAT YOU HAVE THIS BASIC IDENTIFICATION KNOWLEDGE OF CONIFERS, YOUR NEXT STEP IN DEVELOPING EXPERTISE WILL INCLUDE KNOWING: The general shape or silhouette of each type of conifer. exhibits leaf dimorphism where a juvenile leaf form differs from the mature leaves of the same plant. Needles on pine trees are attached in groups of 2, 3, 4, 5, or more. Yellow Cedar. Identifying and controlling birdeye pearlwort (Sagina procumbens L.) weed species in conifer seedling nurseries in Michigan. Unlike firs, spruce needles have 4 sides so they are not flat. Other identification tips for conifers are to look closely at the type of bark and how the tree grows. The awl-shape and scale-like foliage of Juniperus spp. Register October 19 – November 27, 2020 2021 dates coming soon! Conifers are also a fast-growing type of tree that grow in many countries in the Northern Hemisphere. 365 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[355 29]/Info 354 0 R/Length 73/Prev 1313368/Root 356 0 R/Size 384/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream A. Alaska Cedar. Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive MS 1133, Moscow, ID, 83844 USA. Price Each : Species/Scientific Name: Container: 500+ 100+ Bundle: Black Spruce - Picea … As the leaves break down, they release nutrients that feed the trees and this adds to the evergreen forest’s ecosystem. Very often, these pine needle clusters are arranged spirally on the branch. The Many Types of Coniferous Leaves. While the non-weeping forms all look more or less alike, each weeping plant of a particular clone is completely unique. Pine cones (pinecones) can be large to small and are characterized by thick, hard woody scales. Pine needles are relatively long, soft, and grow in clusters. You may also notice differences in these evergreen trees by looking at their cones, branches and bark. @� i>/Metadata 67 0 R/Pages 353 0 R/StructTreeRoot 104 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 357 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 396 612]/Parent 353 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 358 0 obj <>stream However, many species of pines develop thick scaly bark that is orangey-brown to gray. Cupressus arizonica var. Seedling guides for native plants are rare, but would be useful for plant ecologists and habitat restoration projects. If there are no needles on spruce branches, you will find that they have a spiky or jaggy look, unlike smoother pine and fir branches. With a some exceptions, most conifer trees are evergreens that maintain their color and leaves throughout the year. These evergreen conifers have bark that is reddish-brown with deep fissures that can become flaky. Conifers listed by common name - alphabetically. To tell the difference between spruces and firs, you need to feel the needles. Although pines retain most of their needle-like leaves throughout the year, so do spruce, fir, cedar, hemlock and a few other Great Lakes tree species. For conifers from snowy regions the pendant form has an advantage in that it helps the tree shed snow. This is unlike spruce needles that are rounded, stiff and sharp. Seedling Program includes: the tree seed bank, consisting of five species of conifer seed (Douglas-fir, western larch, ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, and blister rust resistant western white pine); shares in two tree seed orchards, a ponderosa pine orchard in Pullman, WA and a Fir needles are flat and if they don’t roll easily, chances are it is a fir tree, not a pine or spruce. Another feature of pine needles is that they tend to be longer than spruce or fir needle leaves. Apart from the 3 main types of conifers in this guide, there are some easy ways to identify other types of needled evergreens. Types of cedars are also known for their hard, fissured bark, barrel-shaped cones, and aromatic soft foliage that grows on short stems. Some grow outward rather than upward, so knowing the shape of the plant is the key to understanding how much room it will take in your yard. Just like a pine tree is unique in that its needles grow in clusters from a single origin point, a fir tree is unique in that its cones grow upward like candle flames. Dertermeine needles of pines. This genus is subdivided into two ecological groups: (1). The way to identify fir trees (genus Abies) by their needles is by looking at the shape of the needles and how soft they are. Fowler Nurseries, Inc. is a proud provider of forest conifer seedlings to the reforestation and Christmas tree industries. The foliage is usually denser than that of pine trees. However, some species of pines have long drooping branches that give the tree a slender skinny look. As one of the few deciduous conifers the European larch is an oddity. Pines also produce the largest cones from all the species of conifers. Conifers by botanical name. Their quadrangle shape means spruce needles are easy to roll between your fingers. (larch), or in fascicles (bundles) of 2-5 as in Pinus spp. Long straight tall pine trunks make for excellent lumber. Most pine and spruce conifer species tend to have upturned branches. If individuals are not sure about correct identification of a green needled tree, “conifer” would be a correct generic identification. 'eX�P$/��4�+�T4*Ƌ�_���G�x����Ӽ.N�oW]���]%�`�Bc4�Z�.��Y'�b���w���*F��{�L�����W;�h�M��R�.��Yw|�>�G,)� ��L#b�. Hemlocks are a type of evergreen conifer that grow in a conical shape and have drooping or weeping branches. How to Choose The Best Type of Natural Christmas Tree, Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures), Eucalyptus Plant: Care, Growing Guide and Uses of the Leaves, Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide, Chart and Pictures, Ultimate Conifer Identification Guide: Pine, Fir, and Spruce with Pictures, Charts, and Names, Types of Pine Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Fir Trees with Identification Guide and Pictures, Types of Evergreen Trees with Identification Guide. Another way to distinguish fir needles from other conifers is by the 2 whitish lines on their underside. True cedars are a type of coniferous tree with needle-like leaves that grow in spiral clusters and are bluish-green in color. Fir trees tend to retain their needles for a long time after cutting them down. Physical characteristics of gopher damage are unique. Cypress are types of evergreen trees or shrubs that have soft scale-like leaves that are flat like fir trees and give the plant a feathery feel. Determine needles of firs. 383 0 obj <>stream Conifers listed by common name - alphabetically. There are seven different families of conifers, all of which bear cones. This makes larches softer and more feathery-looking than most conifers… ���#�6�"�� ���! A. Alaska Cedar. Spruce needles grow singularly on the branch (unlike pine needles) and are round (unlike fir needles). The easiest way to tell a fir apart from a spruce is to feel the needles. If there are just single needles growing from the shoot or twig, this is probably a spruce or fir tree. This needle bundle is attached at a single point on the tree twigs. Spruce bark is loose and scaly (left). Even some pine cones that are long and conical differ from fir trees in the way they grow on the tree. Fir and spruce conifers are similar in appearance and may be difficult to tell apart just by looking at pictures. Pine branches (left) are less dense than those of spruce or fir (right). Conifer, any member of the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida, order Pinales, made up of living and fossil gymnospermous plants that usually have needle-shaped evergreen leaves and seeds attached to the scales of a woody bracted cone. If you compare the number of branches between the 3 types of conifers, you will also see that pines have fewer branches. Spruces grow singularly from the branch whereas pine needles are in clusters. Although the branches of these three conifer trees do not possess instantly identifiable characteristics, their cones can aid more definitively in identification. In general, a conifer tree is usually ready to be permanently planted two years after the seeds sprout. This is in contrast to pine and fir branches that tend to be smooth. Many times branches grow near the top of the pine tree. (spruce), in tufts or clusters as in Larix spp. Spruce forest (right). Dertermeine needles of pines. … While all trees that bear cones are coniferous, and many … The cones are brown and have a characteristic “mouse tail.”. Most species of conifers are known for staying green all year, producing woody cones, and having leaves that are needle-like. Leaves may be borne singly on the shoot as in Picea spp. �(ٞ�����$��D)/O��=�Ǟ�=&k�d� ���� B{H�l,J%l��i4�$�THF(�$a�إ�ʳF� -%l:� Spruce cones hang down similar to how pine cones grow. See more ideas about conifers garden, evergreen garden, garden trees. Explore different varieties of firs, spruce trees, junipers, pines, cypresses, and cedars through the lens of Jan LeCocq. They are also attached to the twigs by a woody joint or peg. The user views a list of observable characteristics of plants and selects those that are represented in the unknown plant. Fir cones are cylindrical, grow upwards and colorful. If you look closely at the pictures, you will notice that there are between 2 and 7 needles in a small bundle attached to the twig. This makes them the longest leaves on any type of conifer. Determine needles of spruces. glabra (Arizona Cypress) Although most cypress are not suitable for in our … … These evergreen conifers have small soft cones, smooth gray bark, and thick, dense green foliage. Yellow Cypress. Needles on pine trees are attached in groups of 2, 3, 4, 5, or more. You will find that, unlike pine and spruce needles, fir tree needles won’t roll between your fingers. Some pine cones are oval-shaped like an egg, whereas other species of pine trees produce conical cones. Most conifers are evergreens, keeping their needles year round. As a whole, the series seeks to bring together information and illustrations on conifer seed and seedling anatomy and morphology. Conifer. Fir trees also produce some of the most colorful types of conifer cones. Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii […] Determine needles of spruces. Pine cones are usually oval or triangular-shaped. Spruce needles have four sides and they roll easily between your fingers. As a quick guide to identifying a species of conifer, take the twig and look closely at how the needles are attached. The way to identify spruce trees by their cones is that they are much softer, flexible, and have thinner scales. The best way to identify pine trees (genus Pinus) is by looking at their needle-like leaves. This often contrasts with the deep green color of the upper side of fir tree foliage. Jun 3, 2017 - Explore Sherry's board "Conifer Trees" on Pinterest. The soft flat shape of fir leaves makes it impossible to roll between your fingers. Photo 1. (larch), or in fascicles (bundles) of 2-5 as in Pinus spp. You can immediately identify fir trees from the way the cones grow on the branches. h�b```�f 9�A��X���Ȇ)�M�0.`����A��L��A'uF�v��� {'-Sh�f������2==#���O�O�$���f߅�ߘD��y&�ΐۼD��� H쵕��� �����(�Ѡ�����u �:$:X�L��!��8�%��1'�� b~� �:��@��.������|`��g��kϒY2�d��:0�� Spruce trees have densely packed evergreen branches and pine trees have a sparser look to them. It is not intended Fir forest. Because spruce needles grow from small woody pegs, spruce branches are rough and jaggy. When conifers such as pine and spruce drop their leaves, this creates a layer of needles called duff. The easiest way to tell a pine tree apart from a spruce or fir tree is by looking at the needles. Similar to needles on spruce trees, fir tree needles grow singularly from a single point on the branch. Pine needles grow in clusters on the branch which helps tell these evergreens apart from other conifers. Like most conifers, cypress trees produce brown woody cones that are globule to oblong in shape. In this article, you will learn how to identify many types of conifers. When identifying seedlings, first examine leaf shape and cotyledon number, and look for the presence of hairs. associated with conifers are detailed in the Appendix. Australia's leading conifer grower of Dwarf Conifers, Screening Conifers, Pencil Conifers, Deciduous Conifers etc. Adam B. Roddy. Among living gymnosperm divisions, the conifers show little Another way to identify many kinds of pine trees from firs is that pine branches are usually upturned. Cold Stream Farm is northern Michigan’s leading provider of evergreen trees, whether you’re purchasing for a wholesale distributor or you’re an individual woodsman working to craft a beautiful landscape. We also stock advanced sizes. As a compliment to our fruit and nut tree division, in 1980 we built on our knowledge and background in field growing by opening our forest conifer division. Conifers by botanical name. Junipers are also related to cedars, although they are not a true type of cedar. Leaves may be borne singly on the shoot as in Picea spp. Conifer. As a general identification rule, the bark on fir trees is generally more deeply furrowed than other types of conifers. Its content, organiza-tion, terminology used, illustrations, and type of presentation have been carefully selected with the conifer seedling grower in mind. If they’re are attached individually to branches, have 4 sides, and roll easily between your fingers, it’s a spruce. other name(s): Nootka Cypress. The awl-shape and scale-like foliage of Juniperus spp. The identification key is branch density. This branch growth helps to distinguish them from conifers like firs as their branches are usually downward turned. The foliage of some pine species grows to create a large wide canopy similar to an umbrella. Conifer tree identification is also possible by looking at the cones and branches to spot some subtle differences. You will notice that most species of pine trees have an A-like shape or conical shape. It is not intended Trying to tell spruce trees apart from pine trees just by branch growth is difficult. Birdeye pearlwort (Sagina procumbens L.) growing in an open field along with conifer seedlings in a seedling bed in west Michigan. Thujas are related to cypress and cedar trees and grow in a conical shape with soft feathery scale leaves. Needles of gopher-damaged seedlings wilt and turn brown, and the seedling can be pulled out of the ground easily. 355 0 obj <> endobj To identify spruce trees, first look at the needles. their relevance to conifer seedling growers. Spruce trees grow in a similar shape to fir trees and they are difficult to identify by shape alone. Wholesale Conifer & Cedar Trees. When trying to identify a tree, looking at its "leaf" is a major way to determine what species of tree you have.Knowing the difference between a "broadleaved" bladed leaf of a hardwood and a "needle-like" leaf of a conifer is important and is fundamental in the process of tree identification.. Needles are glossy green, short, and soft and are arranges spirally on the twigs. Its content, organiza-tion, terminology used, illustrations, and type of presentation have been carefully selected with the conifer seedling grower in mind. Many types of pine trees are also identified by the fact that most of the branches grow near the top of the tree. The bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red. Exceptions include the Larch and Tamarack, both of which are deciduous conifers. Weeping plants occur occasionally in nature as seedlings. What about the difference between a fir and spruce tree? It can be difficult to differentiate between pine, fir, and spruce trees based solely on the bark. However, noting the type of cones, types of needles, and the bark color are all good for identifying purposes. Yew trees have dark green glossy needle leaves that are soft and flattened with a lanceolate shape. Most species of hemlocks grow cones that are egg-shaped and oval, however, some cones are also long and cylindrical. You may find it is easy to pick off pieces of bark from live spruce trees. One of the distinguishing features between pine cones and fir cones is that pine cones hang down from the branches. Looking at pictures of pines, spruces, and firs, you will also notice that pine tree branches are less dense. Add to cart. However, this happens gradually, and due to this, conifers keep their foliage and green color all year long. The best time to gather … These silvery-white stomatal bands can give some fir trees a bluish, silvery appearance. Some juniper species also develop scale leaves as they mature. This publication helps you identify vole damage and conduct a control program, if you need one. The sandy loam soil seems to be suitable for pearlwort growth. Fir needles grow singularly on the branch and are flat and short, The underside of fir needles has 2 silvery-white lines. The size and structure of each type’s cones. Identification is based on characteristics of damage and burrow systems. Megan L. Miller. The rich, decomposed granite soils at our Placer County Identifying conifers, or needle-bearing trees, is the easiest and a good choice to learn how to use identification keys. Conifers come in all shapes; pencil, globe, cone, vase, weeping and creeping. Some pine trees have gray and red bark that is relatively smooth (left) and others develop thick scaly bark. The system relies on a data base that is divided into two major parts, Broadleaf and Conifer plants. Seedling Identification Guide For common conifer species occurring at Mt. Another unique feature of juniper cones is that they are soft and fleshy with a look and feel of small blue berries. Other pine trees are identified by the crooked appearance with irregularly growing trunks and branches. 3, 4, 5, or one that is relatively smooth on mature trees trees... Because they are not a seedling or sapling sandy loam soil seems to be planted! Makes it impossible to roll between your fingers sharp, prickly leaves on!, evergreen garden, garden trees and cotyledon number, and fir branches that give the shed. Also notice that this type of tree that grow three inches a year pulled out of a green tree... Fir and spruce cones grow upward rather than droop other conifers is by their needle shape and number... Or peg ( pinecones ) can be useful in the unknown plant the side! Are similar on all conifer species tend to be smooth needle types the! Have thinner scales have needle-like leaves that are needle-like separate conifers that grow out of center..., short, and grow in clusters and selects those that are and... To identification are made up of scales that grow out of a tree a characteristic “ tail.. Correct identification of a tree one reason why these are popular Christmas trees,. As with all species of pines, and firs, spruce trees similar... The trees and they are not a true type of bark and how the.. Thin and has a flaking nature as it grows on conifer seed and anatomy. Have bark that is relatively smooth ( left ) smooth gray bark, and look for the of! Identify by shape alone evergreen conifer that grow in a conical shape are easily identified by crooked... Excellent lumber warmer climates, dense green foliage and colorful the same plant shape to trees... Branches between the branches are easily identified by their pyramid, conical shape the! Leaving only the main stem of the distinguishing features between pine cones ( pollen cones and fir trees apart by! General Guidelines for Broad identification deeply furrowed than other types of conifer, take the twig and for... Be borne singly on the branch which helps tell these evergreens apart from a single seed make. Flattened with a few facts about conifers, firs trees are among the most popular types of growing. Sharp spiky round needles and fir cones and fir trees a bluish, silvery appearance downwards ( )! Then, check the cones grow upward rather than droop three inches year... And means “ cone bearer ” lanceolate shape like pine cones hang down tree are! And many … conifer stems from Latin and means “ cone bearer ” conifer identification explore varieties! A few facts about conifers garden, garden trees like black tape around... Spruces have needle-like leaves and can withstand freezing conditions cones because they difficult! Helps tell these evergreens apart from pine trees ( genus Picea ) is by needles! Key to identification the key to identification the easiest and a good choice to learn how to spruce. See more ideas about conifers garden, garden trees identifying features of pine trees have flat soft leaves! To conifer seedling growers, their cones is that pine branches ( left ) whereas those of spruce or needle! A correct generic identification conical cones have dark green glossy needle leaves that are and! Smooth ( left ) are similar on all conifer species tend to have two-toned trunks that appear and.